She saith that yeasterdaie about twelve of the Clock att Noone there came to this Ex[aminan]ts house a poore walkinge man of Berrypumereye and requested this Ex[aminan]t: to rost a cople of pilchardes the w[hi]ch she granted him, and he beinge there a while intreated a litle maide w[hi]ch this Ex[aminan]t had in her howse to fetch him two potts of beere, and not contented w[i]th that sent for two potts more; and continued there tiplinge till night (this Ex[aminan]t havinge oftentimes intreated him to departe out of her house but could not gett him awaie) untill her husband came home from worke, who then by violence thrust him fourth of ye doores, but the next morninge (this Ex[aminan]ts husband beinge gonn to worke) he came to her house againe and would have her to send for more beere, w[hi]ch she did, and he havinge dranke up that, would have her to fetch him yet more, the w[hi]ch she refused to doe, havinge occasion to goe to her neighbours house to buy faggotts of woode, she leavinge noe bodie in her house but a litle maide and the poore man, who (whiles this Ex[aminan]t was wantinge) sent the litle maide for two potts of beere more, and in the meane while (this Ex[aminan]t saith) that the said poore man stole awaie her husbandes shert the w[hi]ch she found about him in the afternoone of the same daie upon hue & crye.
He confesseth that he came to the house of William Frend in Brixham about twelve of the Clock att Noone beinge
the third daie of Februarye last and intreated his wife to
fishe pilchards for him and
to fetch him two
potts of beere and further saith that he came to her house againe the next daie (her husband beinge gonne to worke)
sent for two pots of beere more, and whiles he staid there drinkinge of it,
he agreed w[i]th Frends wife for a
shert of her husbands and gave her eighteene pence for it, and so departed
She says that yesterday about twelve of the clock at noon there came to this examinant's house a poor walking man of Berry Pomeroy and requested this examinant to roast a couple of pilchards, the which she granted him. And he being there a while, entreated a little maid which this examinant had in her house to fetch him two pots of beer, and not contented with that, sent for two pots more. And continued there tippling til night (this examinant having often times entreated him to depart out of her house but could not get him away) until her husband came home from work, who then by violence thrust him forth of the doors. But the next morning (this examinant's husband being gone to work) he came to her house again and would have her to send for more beer, which she did, and he having drank up that, would have her to fetch him yet more, the which she refused to do, having occasion to go to her neighbour's house to buy faggots of wood, she leaving nobody in her house but a little maid and the poor man, who (whilst this examinant was wanting) sent the little maid for two pots of beer more. And in the meanwhile (this examinant says) that the said poor man stole away her husband's shirt, the which she found about him in the afternoon of the same day upon hue and cry.
He confesses that he came to the house of William Friend in Brixham about twelve of the clock at noon being
the third day of February last and entreated his wife to
fish pilchards for him and
to fetch him two pots of beer. And further says that he came to her house again the next day (her husband being gone to work)
sent for two pots of beer more, and whilst he stayed there drinking of it,
he agreed with Friend's wife for a
shirt of her husband's and gave her eighteen pence for it, and so departed.
Female depositions: marital status descriptors (e.g. singlewoman, widow, wife) were typically recorded in the brief biographical statement at the beginning of the deposition.
Male depositions: occupational or social status descriptors (e.g. baker, joiner, yeoman) were typically recorded in the brief biographical statement at the beginning of the deposition.
Cooking: evidence of women's work. It is likely that this took place in an alehouse and that the pilchards were to be sold, rather than consumed by the household.
Serving beer: evidence of women's work. Although it is not recorded, it is likely that Joane and William Friend's house was an alehouse.
'Tippling' is a contemporary term for drinking longer than one should simply for sustenance.
A faggot is a bundle of wood. Women were engaged in commerce, buying commodities for the house from their neighbours.
As these are court records, it is common to find two parties telling different stories. It is plausible that Thomas Cullyn stole the shirt but equally plausible that this is an example of a legitimate work activity (the buying and selling of a shirt).
Hue and cry was a form of community policing and a key part of law enforcement when something was stolen.
Signature of the Justice of the Peace.
Until the Gregorian Calendar was adopted in 1752, the English New Year began on 25th March. According to our modern dating system, this case actually took place in 1620.
Occupational or social status descriptors (e.g. baker, joiner, yeoman) were typically recorded for men.