Digitised Legal Documents from the Indo-Persian World


Primary Sources

Allami, Abul Fazl, The Ain i Akbari, translated by Jarrett, Colonel H. S. (Calcutta: Asiatic Society of Bengal, 1891), vol. 2 []

Douglass, Susan, Emily Voight, Scott Erich, Elizabeth McKune, Kathleen Ridolfo and Cory Rutz, ed. Indian Ocean in World History []

Gawan, Mahmud, Manazir al-Insha, edited by Ma'dankan, Ma'suma (Tehran: Farhangistan-i Zaban wa Adab-i Farsi, 2002)

Khan, Nawwab Samsamuddaula Shah Nawaz and Abdul Hayy, The Maathir-ul-Umara, translated by Beveridge, Henry and Baini Prashad (Calcutta: The Asiatic Society, 1941), vol. 1 []

Khare, Ganesh Hari, ed. Aitihasik Farsi Sahitya, Sahava Khand (Pune: Bharat Itihas Samshodhak Mandal, 1973)

Khare, G.H., ed. 'Chinchwadkar Dev', in Bharat Itihas Sanshodhak Mandal Quarterly (Shiva Charitra Sahitya), vol. 61, no. 2-4 (1983)

Khobrekar, V.G., ed. English Translation of Tarikh-i-Dilkasha (Memoirs of Bhimsen Relating to Aurangzib's Deccan Campaigns) (Bombay: Department of Archives (Government of Maharashtra), 1972)

Malcolm, John, A Memoir of Central India (London: Kingbury, Parbury and Allen, 1823), vol. 2 []

Mukhlis, Anand Ram, Mirat al-Istilah, edited by Shekhar, Chander, Hamidreza Ghelichkhani and Houman Yousefdahi (New Delhi: National Missions for Manuscripts, 2013)

Skinner, James, Tashriḥ al-aqwām []

Tod, James, Annals and Antiquities of Rajast'han, or the Central and Western Rajpoot States of India (London: Smith, Elder, and Co., and Calkin and Budd, 1829), vol. 1 []

Secondary Sources

A Descriptive List of Farmans, Manshurs and Nishans: Addressed by the Imperial Mughals to the Princes of Rajasthan (Bikaner: Directorate of Archives, Govt. of Rajasthan, 1962)

Bahura, Gopalnarayan and Chandramani Singh, Catalogue of Historic Documents in Kapad Dwara, Jaipur (Jaipur: Jaigarh Public Charitable Trust, 1989)

Bellarykar, Nikhil, 'Two Marathi Letters from the Arsip Nasional Republik Indonesia: A Snapshot of Dutch-Maratha Relations in the Late-Eighteenth-Century Coromandel', in Itinerario, vol. 44, no. 1 (2019) 14-31 []

Bellenoit, Hayden, 'Between Qanungos and Clerks: The Cultural and Service Worlds of Hindustan's Pensmen, c. 1750–1850', in Modern Asian Studies, vol. 48, no. 4 (2014) 872-910 []

Bhalloo, Zahir and Omid Rezai, 'Inscribing Authority: Scribal and Archival Practices of a Safavid Decree', in Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, vol. 62 (2019) 824-855 []

Bishara, Fahad, A Sea of Debt: Law and Economic Life in the Western Indian Ocean, 1780-1950 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017)

Björkman, W., G.S. Colin, H. Busse, J. Reychmann and A. Zajaczkowski, 'Diplomatic', in Encyclopaedia of Islam (2012) []

Blake, Stephen, Time in Early Modern Islam (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013)

Chatterjee, Nandini, Negotiating Mughal Law: A Family of Landlords across Three Indian Empires (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2020) []

Chatterjee, Nandini, 'Translating Obligations: Tamassuk and Fārigh-khaṭṭī in the Indo-Persian World', in Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, vol. 64, no. 5-6 (2021) 541–82 []

Chatterjee, Nandini, 'Mahzar-namas in the Mughal and British Empires: The Uses of an Indo-Islamic Legal Form', in Comparative Studies in Society and History, vol. 58, no. 2 (2016) pp.379-406 []

Deshpande, Prachi, Creative Pasts: Historical Memory and Identity in Western India, 1700-1960 (New York: Columbia University Press, 2007)

Deshpande, Prachi, 'Caste as Maratha: Social Categories, Colonial Policy and Identity in Early Twentieth-century Maharashtra', in Indian Economic and Social History Review, vol. 41, no. 1 (2004) 17-32 []

Deshpande, Madhav, 'Ksatriyas in the Kali Age? Gāgābhatta and His Opponents', in Indo-Iranian Journal, vol. 53, no. 2 (2010) 95-120 []

Eaton, Richard, The Rise of Islam and the Bengal Frontier, 1204–1760 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993)

Ernst, Carl, Eternal Garden: Mysticism, History, and Politics at a South Asian Sufi Center (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1992)

Faruqui, Munis, The Princes of the Mughal Empire, 1504-1719 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012)

Fisher, Elaine M., 'The Tangled Roots of Vīraśaivism: On the Vīramāheśvara Textual Culture of Srisailam', in History of Religions, vol. 59, no. 1 (2019) 1-37 []

Fukazawa, Hiroshi, 'A Study of the Local Administration of Adilshahi Sultanate (A.D. 1489–1686)', in Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, vol. 3, no. 2 (1963) 37-67 []

Fukazawa, Hiroshi, 'Land and Peasants in the Eighteenth Century Maratha Kingdom', in Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, vol. 6, no. 1 (1965) 32-61 []

Gommans, J., The Rise of the Indo-Afghan Empire, c. 1710-1780 (Leiden: Brill, 1994)

Gommans, J., Mughal Warfare: Indian Frontiers and Highroads to Empire, 1500-1700 (London and New York: Routledge, 2002)

Gordon, Stewart, The Marathas, 1600-1818 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993)

Gordon, Stewart N., 'The Slow Conquest: Administrative Integration of Malwa in the Maratha Empire, 1720-1760', in Modern Asian Studies, vol. 11, no. 1 (1977) 1-40 []

Habib, Irfan, The Agrarian System of Mughal India, 1556-1707 (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1963, 2014)

Habib, Irfan, 'Merchant Communities in Precolonial India', in The Rise of Merchant Empires: Long-Distance Trade in the Early Modern World, 1350–1750 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990) []

Hasan, Ibn, The Central Structure of the Mughal Empire (New Delhi: Manohar, 1936, 2nd edition 1980)

Hasan, Nurul, 'The Position of Zamindars under the Mughal Empire', in Indian Economic and Social History Review, vol. 1 (1964) 107-119 []

Horstmann, Monika and Heike Bill, ed. In Favour of Govinddevji: Historical Documents Relating to a Deity of Vrindaban and Eastern Rajasthan (New Delhi: Manohar, 1999)

Irvine, William, The Later Mughals (New Delhi: Oriental Books Reprint Corporation, 1971) []

Kasturi, Malavika, Embattled Identities: Rajput Lineages and the Colonial State in Nineteenth-century North India (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2002)

Khan, Yusuf Husain, ed. Farmans and Sanads of the Deccan Sultans (Hyderabad: Andhra Pradesh State Archives, 1963)

Kia, Mana, Persianate Selves: Memories of Place and Origin before Nationalism (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2020)

Kolff, Dirk H.A., Naukar, Rajput, and Sepoy: The Ethnohistory of the Military Labour Market of Hindustan, 1450-1850 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990)

Kothiyal, Tanuja, Nomadic Narratives: A History of Mobility and Identity in the Great Indian Desert (New Delhi: Cambridge University Press, 2016)

Kulkarni, A.R., ed. Jedhe Shakavali-Karina (Pune: Mansanman Prakashan, 1999)

Leonard, Karen Isaksen, Social History of an Indian Caste: the Kayasths of Hyderabad (London: Sangam, 1994)

Lutfi, Ameem and Lindsey Stephenson, Reimagining Baloch “Mercenaries” in the Western Indian Ocean (Ajam Media Collective, 2020) []

Mir, Masrat Ahmad and Sumbul Halim Khan, 'Saga of Mughal Farman: Understanding the Essentials', in International Journal of Social Science and Economic Research, vol. 4, no. 6 (2019) article 3 []

Mohiuddin, M., The Chancellery and Persian Epistolography under the Mughals (Kolkata: Iran Society, 1971)

Moin, A. Azfar, The Millennial Sovereign: Sacred Kingship and Sainthood in Islam (New York: Columbia University Press, 2012)

Mukherjee, Tilottama, 'The Co-Ordinating State and the Economy: The Nizamat in Eighteenth-Century Bengal', in Modern Asian Studies, vol. 43, no. 2 (2009) pp.389-436 []

O'Hanlon, Rosalind, 'Contested Conjunctures: Brahman Communities and "Early Modernity" in India', in American Historical Review, vol. 118, no. 3 (2013) 765-87 []

Pernau, Margrit, Information and the Public Sphere: Persian Newsletters from Mughal Delhi (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2009)

Rana, R.P., Rebels to Rulers: The Rise of Jat Power in Medieval India c. 1665-1735 (New Delhi: Manohar, 2006)

Richards, John F., Mughal Administration in Golconda (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1975)

Richards, John F., The Mughal Empire (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995) []

Richards, John F., 'Manṣab and Manṣabdār', in Encyclopaedia of Islam (Leiden: Brill, 2012) []

Sarkar, Jadunath, History of Aurangzib Based on Original Sources: Vol. V, The Closing Years, 1689-1707 (Calcutta: M.C. Sarkar and Sons Ltd., 1952), vol. 5

Shahnawaz, Mohammad, 'Huṇḍī and Nirakh Huṇḍāwan: Indic Mercantile Instruments in the Persianate Bazaar', in Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, vol. 64, no. 5–6 660–692 []

Simmons, Caleb, Devotional Sovereignty: Kingship and Religion in India (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019) [10.1093/oso/9780190088897.001.0001]

Sinh, Raghubir, Malwa in Transition, or, A Century of Anarchy (Bombay: D. B. Taporevala and sons, 1936)

Subramanian, Lakshmi, 'Capital and Crowd in a Declining Asian Port City: The Anglo-Bania Order and the Surat Riots of 1795', in Modern Asian Studies, vol. 19, no. 2 (1985) 205-237 []

Thelen, Elizabeth M., 'Disputed Transactions: Documents, Language, and Authority in Eighteenth-Century Marwar', in Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, vol. 64, no. 5–6 (2021) 792–825 []

Travers, Robert and Rohit De, 'Petitioning and Political Cultures in South Asia', in Modern Asian Studies, vol. 53, no. 1 (2019) 1-311 []

Wilson, H.H., A Glossary of Judicial and Revenue Terms, and of Useful Words Occurring in Official Documents Relating to the Administration of the Government of British India (London: Wm. H. Allen and Co., 1855)

Wink, André, Land and Sovereignty in India: Agrarian Society and Politics under the Eighteenth-Century Maratha Svarājya (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986)