Digitised Legal Documents from the Indo-Persian World

Order of Muhibb Ali to Nathmal granting land to plant a garden and build a resthouse for travelers

Five bighas, or a little over three acres, of tax-exempt land are allocated from the village Maliwada in district (pargana) Dhar to Nathmal, son of the landlord (chaudhri) Purshottam Das, to plant a garden and build a resthouse for travelers.

Functional document type: Orders

Formal document type: Parvana

Themes: Agriculture, Gardens and Orchards, Grants, Taxation and Tribute

Gregorian calendar: 1669

[Page 1r]

invocation (top centre): Arabic


He [God] is

main text: Persian

1متصدیان مهمات حال و استقبال پرگنه دهار سرکار مندو بدانند که موازی پنج بیگه
2 زمین بنجر خارج جمع بجهت احداث باغ حسب الضمن از موضع مالیواده عمله پرگنه مذکور
3 به نتهمل پسر چودهری پرسوتم داس بتصدق فرق مبارک بندگان حضرت سلیمن منزلت
4مقرر نموده شد که بخاطر جمع احداث باغ نماید که هچکس از محصول وغیره آراضی
5مسطور مشار الیه مزاحم نشوند و حاصلات آنرا بتصرف او واگذارند که بدعاگوی
6دوام دولت ابد پیوند اشتغال نماید تحریر فی التاریخ

1Important officials of the present and future of pargana Dhar, sarkar Mandu, know that five bighas of fallow land,
2[which is] exempt from taxes, is allocated for the construction of a garden, according to the [details] on the reverse, from the village Maliwada in the administration of the said pargana
3to Nathmal, son of Purshottam Das chaudhri, as charity by the servants of the blessed head [the ruler], who is like Lord Suleiman1 ;
4so that with settled mind he constructs the garden such that nobody
5will disturb the said land of the said person [Nathmal] because of taxes etc. And the yield from that land should be given over to him so that
6he can engage himself in praying that the longevity of the sovereignty be infinite. Written on the date 2

authorisation (top right margin): Persian

1چون از پیشگاه خلافت در باب
2احداث باغات بجهت رفاهت مترددان
3حکم است بتصدق فرق مبارک اشرف
4مقرر شد بیض
5 محب علی مرید عالمگیر شاه

1Since from the court of governance, the
2the construction of a garden for the relief of travelers
3is ordered, it is allocated in charity.
5[Round black ink seal] Muhibb Ali disciple of Alamgir Shah

[Page 1v]

later addition (top right): Persian

پروانه بنام نتهمل باغ مالیواده

Parvana in the name of Nathmal [for] a garden [in] Maliwada

clerical notes (middle right): Persian

مقرر ضمن از موضع مالیواده عمله
پرگنه دهار بجهته باغ به نتهمل مقرر نموده شد

Confirmed by the zimn, [to wit] from the village Maliwada in the administration of
pargana Dhar, [land] for a garden is assigned to Nathmal.

clerical notes (bottom centre): Persian

[موازی] پنج بیگه

5 bighas [of] land


1. This is likely a reference to the biblical king Solomon, celebrated for his wisdom. [BACK]

2. No date of composition appears after this phrase. The date of 1669 CE has been ascribed based on the approximate period of Nathmal's activities. [BACK]


territorial division, larger than district; generic term for a sovereign or government (Mughal term)

a measure of land, corresponding to between 1600 and 3200 acres depending upon the region


landlord (similar to desai, deshmukh)


verso of the document (This is where the details of a grant were often entered.)


a measure of land, corresponding to between 1600 and 3200 acres depending upon the region


Grantee: Nathmal
Grantor: Muhibb Ali




Dar al-Athar al-Islamiyyah, LNS 235 MS w
Archival Collection: Purshottam Das collection

Transcribed from manuscript image.

Edited by Nandini Chatterjee

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