Digitised Legal Documents from the Indo-Persian World

Order of Sadashiv Ram to Pandit Sesadri Ram to employ nine horsemen to guard the village station

Sadashiv Ram orders Pandit Sesadri Ram Ji to employ nine horsemen, led by commander (jamadar) Bijay Singh, at the monthly salary of 149 rupees to guard the village station night and day.

Functional document type: Orders

Formal document type: Sanad

Themes: Money, Policing and Crime, Soldiers

Suhur calendar: 1 Zu al-Hijjah 1141
Gregorian calendar: 17 February 1741

[Page 1r]

invocation (top centre): Hindi



authorisation (top centre): Hindi

श्री पांडुरंग चरणात सर सदासीव राम नीरंतर

[Square black ink seal] Sadashiv Ram,1 whose head is always bowed to the feet of Shri Panduranga

main text: Hindi

1राजश्री पंडत सेसाद्री राम जी मुका-
2सदार प्र. धार आगो बीजे सींघ
3वगेरा असवार ९ नव कुं चाकर
4रखे दर माहा रु. १४९ [अळी] अंके
5एक सव ओगण पचास ठह-
6राया सो अड़ाही रोजा दर माहा
7मीना कर बाकी माह बमाह पाये
8जाय अर अपनी खातीर जमा सु
9रात दीन चवकी पहरा गसत सुवारी
10मो बेउजर हाजीर रहै हाजरी गैर
11हाजरी तलब मो कठगी
12मसारनीले सुवार [१]

1Rajashri Pandit Sesadri Ram Ji, mokasadar of
2pargana Dhar, it is ordered that [since] Bijay Singh
3etc., 9 [or in words] nine, horsemen have been employed,
4between them the [salary] of 149 [fractional symbol] rupees per month,
5[or in words] one hundred and forty nine is fixed.
6So pay two and a half [rupees] daily wages between them
7[each] month [and] the rest they will receive monthly.
8And being content,
9they should guard the station night and day
10and be present in the village without excuse. Absences will
11be deducted from the salary.
12The said horseman [1]

main text: Marathi

त|| १ माहे जीहेज

On the lunar date of 1st of the month Zu al-Hijjah

particulars (bottom): Hindi

1 मसारनीले सुवार १
2बीदराबन सुवार १
3नाथुराम सुवार १
4लालसींघ सुवार १

5कनकसींघ सुवार १
6मोहकमसींघ सुवार १
7कुसलसींघ सुवार १
8सुरतसींघ सुवार १

9[गयादासा] सु [Figure]

1The said horseman [Bijay Singh] 1
2Bidraban horseman 1
3Nathu Ram horseman 1
4Lal Singh horseman 1

5Kanak Singh horseman 1
6Mohkam Singh horseman 1
7Kushal Singh horseman 1
8Surat Singh horseman 1

9[Gayadasa] horseman [Figure: Two diagonal slashes and a loop, repeated three times.]2

[Page 1v]

clerical notes (top): Marathi

1इसम नवीसी ब|| बीजे सीग ज||र वगैरे
2स्वार ९ नव [मर्द] दर माहे रुये १४९ [अळी]
3येकसे येकून पनास रुये
4केले नौकरी सुरु १ जीलहेज सु||
5 इहिदे आर्बैन मया अलफ मोर्तब सुद

1It is written in the name of the jamadar Bijay Singh etc.,
2that nine horsemen at the monthly [salary] of 149 rupees,
3[or in words] one hundred and forty nine rupees,
4have been employed. On the lunar date of 1 Zu al-Hijjah in the Suhur year
5one thousand and one hundred and forty-one. [Square black ink seal] Verified.


1. Based on context, Sadashiv Ram is likely the same person as Sadashiv Pandit mentioned in other contemporary documents and has therefore been encoded as the same person. [BACK]

2. It is unclear what this figure means. [BACK]

a Hindu deity

a Hindu deity, also called Vithobha

an honorific of royal dignity routinely applied in Marathi documents to any person deserving of courtesy and respect (occasionally used in Rajasthani documents)

a scholar or learned person, usually a man of Brahman caste

an honorific added to a name or title to show respect

revenue assignee (similar to jagirdar; derives from Bijapur administrative practice carried over into the Maratha empire)


commander of a body of troops


Issuer: Sadashiv Pandit Sadashiv Ram
Recipient: Sesadri Ram




Choudhary Family Collection, Bada Raola Dhar, none
Archival Collection: Purshottam Das collection

Transcribed from manuscript image.

Edited by Dominic Vendell

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